Eyelid Surgery Procedure and Benefits

Also Known As: Blepharoplasty
Blepharoplasty Definition

Blepharoplasty, also known as eyelid surgery, is a cosmetic surgical procedure that removes pouches under the eyes, excess folds of skin, fat deposits and excess tissue or muscles from the eyelids.

Eyelid surgery improves appearance, vision or both and usually produces a satisfactory effect. Sometimes, eyelid surgery is accompanied by brow lift or forehead lift to produce a more rested, youthful appearance of the upper face.

Eyelid surgery can be performed on one eyelid or both. Compare to other reconstructive surgeries, eyelid surgery yields the most satisfying results due to short recovery time and long-lasting results.
Benefits of Eyelid Surgery

Eyelid surgery can benefit patients (on their early 20s) with excess skin and fat on their eyelids, which were inborn or developed during childhood or adolescence.

Eyelid surgery is also beneficial to patients with eyelid changes resulting from natural aging. These patients usually undergo eyelid surgery as early as their 30s until their 80s.

Blepharoplasty also offers functional benefits for patients with extreme hooding of the upper eyelids. Severe hooding obstructs peripheral vision and reduces the range of upward vision. Eyelid surgery can correct this condition and restore normal vision range.

In order to undergo eyelid surgery, a patient should have good health, good muscle tone of eyes, healthy skin without sun damage and an understanding that the procedure will not correct wrinkles under eyes, dark circles, sagging eyebrows, crow’s feet or eliminate future signs of aging.
The Eyelid Surgery Procedure

Eyelid Surgery is usually performed under local anesthesia in a matter of one or three hours. When local anesthesia is administered, the patient will be sedated, yet partially awake throughout the surgery. On the other hand, when general anesthesia is used, the patient will sleep through the entire procedure.

Eyelid surgery usually starts on the upper eyelids first and then the lower eyelids come next. It can performed on the upper eyelid or lower eyelid alone, or both.

During the eyelid surgery, the doctor makes an incision above and below the eye tissue. Since this incision follows the natural folds of the eye, the fatty tissue and excess muscle can be separated easily. Then, the fat is removed and the sagging skin and muscles are cut out.

For upper eyelid surgery, the incisions are made in the natural skin crease of the upper eyelid. Fatty tissues and excess skin are removed, while orbital septum and muscles are tightened for correction of droopy eyelids. The incisions are then closed.
For lower eyelid surgery, the fat deposits are removed, while the loose skin is tightened. The incisions are made just along the lower eyelash line and extended beyond the eye. Excess muscles, skin and fat are excised and the incision is closed.

Transconjuctival eyelid surgery is a procedure where the excess fat is removed, but the skin is not tightened. In this process, the incision is made inside the patient’s lower eyelid, which leaves no visible scars. Excess muscles and fat are removed, and the incision is closed.

Recovery After Eyelid Surgery Procedure

After eyelid surgery, the recovery time can take anywhere from 2 weeks to 1 month, while the complete healing process last up to 6 months.

Immediately after the eyelid surgery, the eyes may feel tight with mild discomfort that lasts for 1 to 3 days.  It will be bruised and swollen for five days. To reduce these conditions, keep your head elevated and apply cold compress for the first 48 hours. In order to prevent bleeding complications, your blood pressure is monitored. The eyes will be lubricated, which may blur your vision.

Within one to two weeks after the eyelid surgery, the swelling and bruising will fade gradually. However, your eyes will be sensitive to light and may experience itching, tearing, burning or dryness.

The Results

Since the eyelid surgery removes excess skin and fat from the eyelids, bags below the eyes and upper eyelid puffiness is also reduced or even removed.

Eyelid surgery provides satisfactory results, which are long lasting and permanent, enabling the patient to have a younger, rested and alert look. However, individual lifestyle and hereditary factors may influence the duration of results.

Surgical facility And Cost

The cost of eyelid surgery largely depends on the condition and complexity of the problem.  It can also be determined by the qualifications of surgeon, geographic location and rates of the facility. It is also divided into four fees – procedure fee, surgeon fee, anesthesiologist fee and facility fee.

The average total cost of both the upper and lower lid is about $4,000, while surgeon fees start at $2,500, anesthesiologist fees are around $700.

When a patient benefits from only a lower or upper eyelid, this total cost is reduced accordingly. Lower lid surgery will cost around $2,500 with a $1,600 surgeon fee, $400 anesthesiologist fee and $500 (or up) facility fee. Upper eyelid surgery will cost about $2,000 with a $1,200 surgeon fee, $400 anesthesiologist fee and $500 (or up) facility fee.

However, it can be qualified when the cases are from injuries, birth deformities or diseases.

Side Effects, Risks, Complications and Contradictions

Although eyelid surgery rarely produces side effects, some complications can result in prolonged healing. These include painful scars, change or loss of vision, unpleasant-looking scars, and temporary or permanent requirement of eye drops.

Eyelid surgery also involves major health risks such as blindness, blurred vision, corneal abrasion, double vision, dry eye syndrome, milia (tiny skin cysts from scar lines), retrobulbar hematoma and permanent surgical scars.

Ear Surgery Procedure Benefits


Also Known As: Otoplasty, Ear pinning, Pinnaplasty Cosmetic Ear Surgery

Otoplasty Definition

Otoplasty, a term used for ear surgery, is a procedure used to bring protruding ears closer to the head and to correct ear deformities. Also known as ear pinning, ear surgery appears to pin the ears back against the patient’s head. It is usually performed on children after age five as well as adults.

Several causes lead to ear deformities. Common deformities include cup ear, lop ear and cauliflower ear.

Cup ears is the term used for patients with outer ear parts that develop asymmetrically or irregularly, which causes a protruding, cup-shaped ear.

Lop ear, also known as bat ear, is used for patients with the concha – inner part of the external ear – that grows in a right angle to the head, rather than parallel to it.

Cauliflower ears are used when a patient’s ear condition is caused by inflammation or injuries.

An ear surgery can correct these deformities permanently.

Benefits of Ear Surgery

An ear surgery can benefit people with protruding ear caused by undeveloped middle fold of the ear and other deformities.

An ear surgery can benefit patients wishing to reshape their ears, reduce the ear size, make their ears symmetrical and adjust the ears closer to the head.

An ear surgery can result in more balanced and attractive ears that are proportion to the overall facial appearance.

The Ear Surgery Procedure

Anesthesia used for ear surgery may depend on the age of the patient. For younger children, the doctor may advise on using general anesthesia in order for the child to sleep through the entire operation. However, local anesthesia combined with sedatives is used for older children and adults, which gives the patient a relaxed feeling, even when awake.

The duration of the ear surgery will largely depend on the technique used in the procedure. However, common ear surgeries without complications may take about two to three hours.

With the doctor’s preferred technique, a small incision is made in the back of the ear in order to expose the cartilage. The cartilage is then sculpted and bent back towards the head. Usually, the doctor removes a large piece of cartilage, resulting to a more natural fold after the surgery.

If the ear lobe is asymmetrical or overly elongated, ear tissue may be trimmed to provide a more balanced appearance.

Another technique used in ear surgery involves the incision in the back of the ear without removing cartilage. The skin is removed and stitches are then used for folding the cartilage back to reshape the ear.

Recovery After Ear Surgery Procedure

Immediately after the ear surgery, the patient’s ears are held in place by using soft bandages or a headband for a duration of two weeks.

Since you will experience swelling and pain, medications for pain will be prescribed in order to alleviate discomfort.

Patients, both children and adults, should elevate their heads during the first few nights after their ear surgery.

Avoid activities that may affect the ears for about six weeks. Strenuous activities should also be prevented for about four weeks after surgery.

Stitches will be removed a week or two after ear surgery, at which point the ears will be too close to the skull. After several weeks, the ears will adjust to the proportionally correct position.

The fading of scars may take several months to heal. However, since the incision is hidden behind the ears, makeup may not be necessary.

Surgical facility And Cost

The ear surgery procedure is usually performed in a surgical suite, office-based facility, surgery center, or hospital as an outpatient basis. Within a few hours after the surgery, the patient may go home. However, children who underwent ear surgery are recommended to spend the night at the hospital.

The costs for ear surgery vary depending on factors such as surgeon/doctor, technique used, location and complexity of each case.

The average surgery fee for otoplasty is around $2,500. However, this fee does not cover anesthesia, hospital stay, operating room facility and other related expenses.

Ear surgery is not usually covered by health insurance since it is considered cosmetic surgery. However, it can be qualified when the cases are from injuries, birth deformities or diseases.

Side Effects, Risks, Complications and Contradictions

Although complications are rare, some patients may experience infection, blood clots, fever, excessive swelling and trauma to the area treated. When any of this happens, immediately contact your doctor.

Like any surgery, otoplasty also has risks. Some patients may experience a change in skin sensation, ear trauma, skin contour irregularities, face asymmetry, overcorrection of ears, keloid development, hematoma, ear cartilage infection and loosening of sutures.

Chin Surgery Procedure and Cost

Also Known As: Chin Augmentation, Mentoplasty (chin re-shaping), Genioplasty (chin repositioning)
Mentoplasty Definition

Chin Surgery, also known as chin augmentation, mentoplasty and genioplasty, is a surgical procedure that reforms and restructures the chin by enhancing with implants or reducing the bone.

Usually, patients that underwent nose surgery are advised to undergo chin surgery to maintain facial proportion.

Derived from the Latin word “mentum” (meaning chin); Mentoplasty is the technical name for the surgery involved in reshaping the chin.

Mentoplasty is divided into two categories – chin surgery to augment or increase small chins and chin surgery to reduce protruding chins.

Since microgenia (small chins) is the most usual chin abnormality, it is more frequently done than chin reduction.
History of Chin Surgery

Chin surgery may benefit people with chin malformations resulting from jawbone developmental abnormalities. It can also help reshape the chin to give proportion to other facial features.

Chin surgery will also benefit people who have undergone gender reassignment surgery. Since the shape and size of the lower jaw line and chin are different in men and women, the chin surgery can solve this problem.

Chin surgery can also be part of the craniofacial reconstruction to patients who underwent cancer or trauma surgery.

Orthognathic surgery is administered to people with facial bones deformities, which affects their ability to chew and speak normally. A chin surgery can correct these deformities.
Chin Surgery Procedure

Chin surgery is generally performed using intravenous or general anesthesia. You will remain comfortable since you will be asleep throughout the procedure. Some surgeon will administer intravenous sedation, depending on the patient’s background.

The chin surgery procedure will depend whether the patient needs chin augmentation or reduction.


Chin augmentation is performed by inserting an implant under the patient’s skin of the chin, which takes 30 to 60 minutes, or by using a sliding genioplasty, which takes 45 to 90 minutes.

Chin implants are only used with patients having moderate microgenia. Before 2003, surgeons used cartilage from donors as implants. Today, alloplastic implants are more used to reduce the risks of infections.

The implants are inserted inside the mouth (intraoral) or under the chin (submental). Whether the process of incision, the surgeon cuts through a few layers of tissues, avoiding major nerves of the chin. The doctor makes a pocket in the connective tissue, washes it with antiseptic solution and properly inserts the implant into the pocket. The incision is then closed and wound is covered with gauze.

Sliding genioplasty is usually performed when the chin deformity is more complex or the chin is too small for implant augmentation. When this procedure is used, the surgeon will cut through the jawbone using an oscillating saw to remove a part of the bone. The bone segment will then be moved forward and position the jaw in place with screws and metal plates. The cut is then closed and the patient’s head is wrapped with dressing needed for pressure.


When a protruding or excessively large chin is reduced, it can be done by direct chin reduction or sliding genioplasty. In a direct reduction, the doctor will make an intraoral or submental incision and will remove the excess bone from the chin. On the other hand, the sliding genioplasty chin reduction is similar to the genioplasty of chin augmentation, except that the bone is moved backward rather than forward.


Recovery After Chin Surgery Procedure

Immediately after the chin surgery, the patient should have a relative or friend to drive them home. Since the patient will be given medication for the discomfort as well as a 7-day course of antibiotics, patients can only return to work in seven to ten days.

Aftercare regimen includes a liquid diet for five days, raising the head when sleeping, rinsing the mouth with hydrogen peroxide, avoiding touching of the chin and preventing vigorous exercise for two weeks.

Although the patient can go back to work in about 1 week, the normal facial appearance will return in two to four weeks.

The results of a chin surgery will last permanently.

Surgical facility And Chin Surgery Cost

Both chin surgeries, whether for augmentation or reduction, is completed as an outpatient basis.

The cost of chin surgery depends on the severity of the condition and complexity of procedure. For a chin implant, the average surgeon fee starts at $1,600. However, for a sliding genioplasty, it ranges from $4,000 to $6,000 up (depending on the surgeon’s expertise).

The cost of chin surgery will largely be determined by the kind of procedure administered. For instance, chin augmentation starts at $2,000, chin reduction starts at $2,700, sliding chin will cost $2,500 and non-surgical jaw lift will start at $900.

Side Effects, Risks, Complications and Contradictions

Although the occurrences of side effects are low, patients are possible to experience temporary numbness, implant rejection, swelling, bruising, stiffness and temporary discomfort.

Complications may include an allergic reaction to anesthetic, infection and bleeding.

Chin implants may also cause deformity of the chin after infection, injury to the nerves of the chin, erosion of the bone or dislocation and extrusion of implants.

Genioplasty may cause injuries to the chin nerves, damage to teeth roots, under or over correction of the chin defect and hematoma.


Camouflage Cosmetics Procedures

Also Known As: Cover Makeup, Paramedical Cosmetics or Corrective Make-Up
Camouflage Cosmetics Definition

Most plastic surgeries leave swelling, bruising and scars that disable you to interact socially or return to work. This is where camouflage cosmetics come in. It is used to hide the post-surgical side effects for both men and women, helping the patients to resume normal activities quickly.

Camouflage is defined in the dictionary as a way of disguising completely in order to appear naturally as part of the surroundings. In using camouflage cosmetics, the main goal is to conceal minor to major skin imperfections accurately, leaving a perfectly natural look.

Camouflage cosmetics are used for three purposes – concealing, color correcting and contouring.

Concealers are foundations that are thick, opaque and creamy, which hides incision lines and bruises. These camouflage concealers are mixed with foundation, eye makeup or color correctors to prevent delicate skin creases.

Color correctors are used to blend the post-surgical marks with the patient’s normal skin tone.

Contour products, whether light or dark, can hide swelling by giving the area an appearance of shadows and highlights. This kind of camouflage cosmetics is most popular after facial implants, nose surgery or any surgeries involving the face.
History of Camouflage Cosmetics

Unfortunately, the origins of camouflage cosmetics have been buried through time. Most of the records of its history are lost and majority of available information relies more on rumor than facts.

However, certain dates and names of the late 19th century and early 20th century are available from archives. Important names that shape cosmetic camouflage include Elizabeth Arden, Max Factor, Covermark, Joyce Allsworth and many more.

Makeup was originally used for women’s street demonstrations and theaters. It gradually became a significant part of plastic post-surgery when various people opened an outpatient center specializing in cosmetic camouflage.

Today, leading cosmetic manufacturers recognize this need and through different techniques, produce a variety of cosmetics, which are available in over-the-counter and beauty shops.
Benefits of Camouflage Cosmetics

Healthy individuals benefit from camouflage cosmetics by enhancing appearance through concealment of unwanted aesthetic effects of various health problems.

Camouflage cosmetics will also benefit patients after a medical and cosmetic surgery. It can conceal bruising, incision lines, swelling and other side effects of invasive procedure.

It benefits people experiencing skin imperfections such as birthmarks, chemical peels, post-laser redness, surgical discolorations, bruiding, lupus, rosacea, dark eye circles, acne scars, hyper pigmentation, vitiligo, melasma, broken capillaries, varicose veins, surface scars, spider veins, and broke capillaries.

It also conceals cleft and craniofacial conditions, sunspots, age spots, brown spots, furrows, freckles, uneven skin tone and tattoos.
Candidate for Camouflage Cosmetics Therapy

Suitable candidates for camouflage cosmetics are patients of all ethnic origins, male or female of all ages with traumatic or congenital lesions, including surgical scars.
The Camouflage Cosmetics Techniques

Using camouflage cosmetics is not as simple as you may think. Each condition uses either concealing, color correcting, contouring or a combination of cosmetics.

* Concealers are thicker than regular foundation makeup. It can cover scars, bruises and healed incision lines on the patient’s face or body.

In choosing concealing cosmetics, find opaque and waterproof concealers that are creamy enough to prevent pulling of the skin when applying it. When you find a concealer that matches your skin tone, you may not combine foundation makeup with it.

Applying concealer around your eyes can be tricky. Using concealers on delicately thin skin around your eyes may not be a good idea since the concealer will collect in the creases. Instead, use a normal liquid foundation, eye makeup or color corrector.

* Color correctors are used to conceal or disguise the redness or yellowish shade that occurs after dermabrasion or chemical peels. Color correctors come in tints – green shades counteract with redness, while lavender shades neutralizes yellow tones.

Color correctors are less opaque than concealers are. It is similar to the sheerness and consistency of foundations. For this reason, it is best to use it combined with normal foundation.

* Contouring products can be applied anywhere on the face. However, it is generally applied to conceal swelling after facial implants or nose surgery. These products create a dimension using light and shadow – darker spots recede, while lighter spots appear to come forward.

In contouring, you will need two separate products – a highlighter (around two shades lighter than your foundation) and a contour shadow (around two shades darker than your foundation.

Blending is the most important part of contouring. Once you’ve mastered applying appropriate shades of foundation, you can use contouring to narrow your nose, minimize swelling of facial parts or create higher cheekbones.
Product Information

Based on the latest criteria by skin care professionals, plastic surgeons and dermatologists, camouflage cosmetics should include these important qualities – appropriate for all skin types, clinically tested, fragrance free, allergy tested, non-greasy, waterproof, smudge resistance, non-comedogenic, opaque coverage, natural shade selection and long lasting.

All camouflage cosmetics should also have detailed instructions. The patients will use this to master the cover-up techniques that will best suit their needs.
Side Effects of Camouflage Cosmetics

There are very few side effects associated with camouflage cosmetics. Infection, which is the only real side effect, occurs when patients use the cosmetics on open wounds.

Always consult your surgeon before attempting to apply cosmetics. Different factors, such as kind of procedure and individual recovery will determine when it is safe to use camouflage cosmetics.
The Results
When you have applied camouflage cosmetics, not only will the scars and pigmentation be concealed, these products will also give anti-inflammatory benefits, chemical free sunscreen and calming effects of inflamed skin.


Camouflage Cosmetics Cost

The typical price of a set of camouflage cosmetics may range from $50 to a few hundred dollars.


Hair Replacement Techniques

Also Known As: Hair transplants
Hair Replacement Surgery: The Basics

Hair loss is caused by a combination of several factors such as aging, illness, burns, trauma, hormone changes and family history of baldness.

Generally, when a person loses hair early in life, the baldness becomes more severe. This is where hair replacement surgery comes in.

There are several hair replacement techniques available today. However, only four are commonly used – hair transplantation, tissue expansion, flap surgery and scalp reduction.

Hair transplantation involves the transferring of hair from the back or sides to the thinning area. Tissue expansion is a procedure used to expand the skin to the bald spot. Flap surgery is commonly used for covering large areas of baldness. Scalp reduction is used to cover bald spots at the top and back of the head.
Benefits of Hair Replacement Surgery

Regardless of technique used, hair replacement surgery can provide new, natural-looking head of hair to patients experiencing hair loss.

Although the hair replacement surgery will not add any hair to the patient’s head, it provides the appearance of more hair.
The Hair Replacement Surgery Procedure

The procedure of hair replacement surgery will depend on the surgeon’s technique to be used.

Hair transplantation is done with a variable-sized section of living hair follicles from the donor and subsequently transferred by small follicular unit grafts into the patient’s balding area.

Tissue expansion is commonly used for reconstructive surgery in order to repair burn wounds and other skin loss injuries. During this hair replacement procedure, a device called a tissue expander is inserted just beneath the hair-bearing scalp next to the bald spot. The expander is then inflated with salt water, making the skin expand and grow new skin cells over a period of weeks. After two months, when the skin has stretched, another procedure is performed to bring the expanded skin to cover the balding area.

Flap surgery is done by transferring a large portion of hair-bearing skin to the back or sides of the balding area. The size of the flap will depend largely on the patient’s needs. The flap is then brought into a new position and sewn into place. This hair replacement procedure required general anesthesia.

Scalp reduction, also known as advanced flap surgery, is done by pulling the hair-bearing scalp forward to fill in the bald crown. This hair replacement surgery requires local anesthesia because a portion of bald scalp is removed and its surrounding areas are pulled together, and then sutured.

Recovery After Hair Replacement Surgery Procedure

After any hair replacement surgical techniques, the patient should not drink alcohol beverages or take aspirin and ibuprofen.

Strenuous activities such as weightlifting, running and other intense sports could result in losing the newly transferred hair.

After the surgery, slight bleeding may occur. To stop this, apply pressure to the area with a wet towel.

Two days after the surgery, make sure not to wash the newly operated hair to prevent transplant damage. Also, avoid extreme sun exposure and chlorinated water for several weeks.

The Results

Patient who will undergo hair replacement surgeries should have an understanding that the procedure is a long-term investment. Patients should give time for their hair to grow.

Most patients with realistic expectation are pleased with the results. In order to maintain natural-looking hair, touch-up procedures should be followed. These procedures vary depending on individual cases. Sometimes, the process involves hairline fillings, blending, slit grafts, mini grafts, micro grafts or a combination of hair replacement techniques.

Surgical facility And Cost

Hair replacement surgeries are usually done in an outpatient surgery center, office-based surgical facility or hospital as an outpatient or inpatient basis.

The costs of hair replacement surgery vary, depending on the technique used, complexity of condition, surgeon fee and geographic location. It is also calculated on various factors such as amount of hair loss, hair characteristics and the amount of hair receded.

Generally, the cost of surgical hair replacement ranges from $4,000 to $15,000. Additional touch-up sessions could cost from $300 to $1,000 per graft.

Side Effects, Risks, Complications and Contradictions

Complications associated with hair replacement surgeries include scarring, patchy hair growth, bleeding and abnormal scarring. Infections and bleeding are possible, but rarely occurs.


Recovery After Chemical Peel Procedure


Also Known As: Chemexfoliation, Derma Peeling, TCA Peels, Phenol Peels

Chemical Peel Definition

Chemical peeling, also known as derma is peeling or chemexfoliation, is exactly what it says – peeling of the skin by means of chemical materials.

A chemical peel is a technique that uses a chemical solution to remove the outer layers of the skin. When this happens, the skin blisters and eventually peels off. The new skin is rejuvenated and is usually smoother and less wrinkled.

The kind of chemical peel differs on the type of chemicals used and how deep the chemical penetrates. Acid concentration, number of coats applied and the time before acid neutralization are factors that affect the depth of a chemical peel. The deeper the chemical peel, the more dramatic its effects and gives higher risks, longer healing time and increased pain.

Chemical peels are divided into three types – superficial, medium-depth and deep peel.

Superficial peel is the most popular and commonly used. Since it is the mildest type of chemical peel, it can be used on all skin types and work by removing only the outer layer of cells, giving the skin a light exfoliation for a healthy glow. The most common chemicals used are mild glycolic acid and solid carbon dioxide.

Medium-depth peel penetrates into the skin more deeply compared to superficial peels. Although it may cause a second-degree burn, it reduces acne scars and small wrinkles. The main peeling chemical used is TCA (trichloroacetic acid).

Deep peels, which penetrate several lower layers of the skin, are not widely available. It also causes second-degree burn, yet can lessen and even remove deeper lines, scars and wrinkles. The most common chemical used in deep peels are phenol.

History of Chemical Peel

For thousands of years, women have used various substances (such as grape skins, alabaster, mustard poultices and sour milk) to improve skin complexion.

Even Cleopatra and ancient Romans used food acids to peel their skin. During the 1900s, American and European women underwent non-surgical peels. However, it was only in the 1950s that the phenol peel was developed.

Although phenol is an effective chemical to treat years of wrinkles, it was given a reputation for serious complications such as scarring, pigmentation and de-pigmentation. However, phenol peel that is done under controlled conditions can provide safe and effective results.

Due to the phenol’s reputation, a gentler acid called Trichloroacetic acid became more popular since it is not accompanied by serious side effects.

Benefits of Chemical Peel

The benefits of chemical peels may depend on the patient’s condition and the kind of peels to be used.

* Superficial peels improve appearance of pigment changes of the skin, mild sun damage, fine wrinkles and acne scars for all skin types. It can treat the face or body part and can be used in preparation for a deeper chemical peel.

* Medium-depth peels will benefit patients with mild to moderate wrinkles, pigment changes, long-term sun damage, and a pre-cancerous skin lesions caused by sun exposure. This kind of chemical peel is usually used on the face.

* Deep peels will benefit patients with severe wrinkles, pronounced pigment changes, long-term sun damage and lesions of the skin. It is only used in treating the face and is not done with dark skin types to prevent skin bleaching.

Candidate for Chemical Peel Procedure

Generally, all fair-skinned and light-haired patients are the ideal candidate for a chemical peel treatment. Although dark skin types can also produce good results, it will depend entirely on the condition being treated.

Medium-depth and deep chemical peels shall not be administered if the patient has allergies, herpes infection on the area to be treated and an impaired immune system. In addition, patients who underwent recent facial surgery and usage of isotretinoin cannot be treated with any chemical peel treatment.

The Chemical Peel Procedure

Generally, patients will be treated, regardless of chemical peel type, without anesthesia. However, EKG monitoring and sedation may be used.

The dermatologist, skin care professional or doctor will help you decide on what depth of peel and type of chemical solution is most appropriate based on skin type, area to be peeled and desired results.

Two to three weeks before the peel, daily skin care regimen, using moisturizer and sunscreen, should be followed.

Each type of chemical peel procedure is treated differently.

* Superficial chemical peel is the easiest and quickest treatment. After the face is cleansed, a liquid or paste chemical is applied to the skin and left for two to seven minutes (depending on the chemical used). Mild stinging may occur. It is then washed off with water to neutralize the acid. One or two hours after the peel, the skin will look pink and may show soft discoloration.

* Medium-depth chemical peel is similar to superficial peels. However, the chemical used is left for longer periods. During this treatment, the burning sensation is more painful since it usually uses stronger chemicals that soak deeper into the skin. Cool saline compresses are applied to neutralize the acid. The entire procedure takes about twenty minutes. Swelling of the face, stinging and burning will last for an hour after treatment.

* Deep chemical peels are the most painful type of chemical peel. It also takes the most time and it is considered the most complicated. The doctor may give pain relievers or local anesthesia to freeze the face. After cleansing the skin, the chemical (usually phenol) will be applied and given time to penetrate. The chemical is left for at least 30 minutes before being neutralized. Depending on the area being treated, the entire procedure may take an hour to an hour and a half.

Side Effects of Chemical Peel

A patient may experience side effects from all types chemical peels such as swelling, redness, temporary throbbing and acute sensitivity to the sun. For deep chemical peels, a patient may experience permanent loss of ability to tan and permanent lightening of the skin.

Recovery After Chemical Peel Procedure

The recovery time after chemical peeling depends on the depth of peel and the chemical used.

* Superficial peels can cause slight discomfort after the treatment. In general, patients can return to daily activities immediately. Since minimal peeling occurs, the skin may only turn pink and concealed by makeup to hide redness. This chemical peel treatment can be repeated weekly for a period of six weeks to maximize its effects.

* Medium peels can cause second-degree burns. For this reason, you may need a five to seven days off to recover. Although there is no pain after the peel, swelling around the area may occur. The skin treated will become dark brown in 3 days, then become crusty, and will eventually flake and peel over the next several days. To reach your desired effect, repeat the treatment monthly and maintain it with a chemical peel every six to twelve months.

* Deep chemical peels can also cause second-degree burns. However, it is accompanied by moderate to severe pain for several days. Re-growth of the skin will begin within ten to 14 days after the peel and will produce an extremely red skin for three weeks. Most patients take this time off from work. It takes around several months for the skin to heal completely. One treatment yields dramatic results and can last for ten years.

Surgical facility

A chemical peel is usually performed in a surgery center or a doctor’s office as an outpatient procedure. It is applied by beauty therapists, medical staff, dermatologists, plastic surgeons or anyone trained to administer chemical peels.

Chemical Peel Cost

In general, the cost of chemical peels will depend on several factors – type of chemical peel as well as the expertise and qualifications of the person administering the peel. Costs to consider will include the surgeon fee, facility bill and aftercare costs.

The cost of chemical peel largely depends on the type of peel to be administered. The costs of peels start at $150 to $300 for superficial peels, or $1,000 to $1,200 medium-depth chemical peel and $2,500 to $6,500 for deep chemical peels.

Since chemical peels are administered for cosmetic purposes, health insurance policies will not cover the cost of these procedures. Discuss with your surgeon about the options for covering the chemical peel costs.



Skin resurfacing – CO2 skin resurfacing


Also Known As: Laser Peel, Lasabrasion, Laser Vaporization

Laser Skin Resurfacing Definition

Laser skin resurfacing is an important development in the skin rejuvenation techniques. It is designed to reduce the signs of aging, correct acne scars and treat skin damage.

Laser resurfacing is a relatively bloodless technique that offers skin care professionals more control on the penetration depth of the skin.

The word laser in laser skin resurfacing stands for “light amplification by the stimulated emission of radiation”. It works by producing a powerful beam of light, which travels in one direction with one specific color of light.

There are two kinds laser skin resurfacingCO2 skin resurfacing and erbium laser resurfacing. Depending on background, condition and preference, the skin care specialist will help you decide which laser is more appropriate for your condition.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) Laser Resurfacing is used to treat wrinkles, warts, scars, birthmarks, rhinophyma, skin cancer and other skin conditions.

Benefits of Laser Skin Resurfacing

Laser resurfacing can benefit patients because it improves treatment results, offers bloodless and precisely controlled surgery, acts as an alternative or addition to other skin procedures and yields safe and effective results.

Laser skin resurfacing is beneficial to patients because it causes less bleeding, scarring and bruising, provides a level of control, allows visualization of results and gives a more predictable result.

Laser resurfacing is usually performed on patients with crow’s feet, wrinkles, acne scars, chickenpox marks, skin discoloration and areas of sun damage.


The Laser Skin Resurfacing Procedure

Carbon dioxide and erbium are the most commonly used lasers used in skin resurfacing. Both lasers vaporize the superficial and damaged skin cells, while reducing the risks for the patients due to controlled heat.

Both CO2 and erbium laser resurfacing uses local anesthesia combined with oral or intravenous sedatives.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) Laser Resurfacing uses short-pulsed light energy, which are delivered in a scanning configuration to remove thin layers of skin precisely. Recovery time may take two weeks.

Erbium Laser Resurfacing is used to remove deep lines and wrinkles on face and other parts of the body. This kind of skin laser resurfacing provides minimal burning around the tissues and reduces the side effects such as redness, bruising and swelling. Recovery time may take one week.

A partial-face laser resurfacing takes 30 to 45 minutes, while the full-face skin resurfacing treatment takes one to two hours.

Recovery After Laser Skin Resurfacing Procedure

Although the laser skin resurfacing itself is painless, severe irritation and redness can be experienced after the procedure.

During the first several days, the patient’s face will look swollen and skinned, gradually becoming crusty. However, the itching and redness may last up to five months.

Patients should refrain from exposure to the sun immediately after the procedure, while healing and after recovery. Sunbathing is permanently prohibited.

Medications such as antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatory medications are prescribed routinely.

The skin should be kept moist during the first few weeks by using clean dressing regularly. When the dressing is removed, skin moisturizers are needed for two to three consecutive weeks.

The Results

The complete result from laser skin resurfacing may take a few months to become visible. Once the pinkish color of the skin fades, the skin becomes fresher and smoother.

Although the results are long lasting, the effects of laser skin resurfacing is not permanent. Signs of aging will eventually show and natural facial lines will recur.

Fortunately, laser skin resurfacing can be repeated within a duration prescribed by your skin care specialist.

Surgical facility And Cost

Laser skin resurfacing is performed in a hospital, office-based facility or an outpatient surgery center usually as an outpatient basis. However, for extensive skin resurfacing, hospital admittance is recommended.

The average cost of laser skin resurfacing is around $2,500. Depending on the surgeon fees, number of treatments needed, area to be treated, geographical location and other charges such as anesthesia, the cost ranges from $1,000 to $4,000.

Side Effects, Risks, Complications and Contradictions

Complications can be prevented with proper post-operative care. Although rarely occurs, patients may experience herpes simplex, bacterial and fungal infection, contact dermatitis, pigmentary changes, permanent scarring and milia.

Benefits of Facelift


Also Known As: Rhytidectomy

Facelift Definition

A facelift, also known as rhytidectomy, is a cosmetic surgical procedure designed to rejuvenate the signs of aging such as sagging and wrinkling of the face and neck. It removes excess fats and tightens muscles beneath the neck skin to produce a youthful improvement of appearance.

There are many styles and techniques of facelift. While some target specific areas, other facelift procedures improve all the areas of the face.
Facelift styles include the traditional lift, superficial muscular Aponeurotic System lift, Neck lift (Platysma), S-lift, Mini Lift (with and without suspension), Suborbicularis Oculi Fat Lift (SOOF), Temporal Lift, Subperiosteal Facelift and Deep Plane Lift.

Benefits of Facelift

Facelift surgery cannot prevent the signs of aging. However, it can offset some of its effects. According to survey, facelift patients appear to be ten years younger than their actual age after the recovery of rhytidectomy.

Facelift surgery can correct the effects of sun exposure, heredity, smoking and environmental issues such as pollution.

The Facelift Procedure

Before the facelift surgery, patients are given medications for relaxation. Facelift procedures are usually performed under general anesthesia, but can also be performed with local anesthesia.

Normally, the doctor will operate on one side of the face at a time. The incision is placed on the natural crease of the skin, which usually starts inside the hairline and continuing inside the ear, around the earlobe and behind the ears.

The skin is then lifted outward while the doctor tightens or repositions the tissues and muscles. Excess fat and skin ma also be removed. The incision is closed with metal clips or fine sutures.

The entire facelift procedure may take two to five hours depending on the extent and complexity of each case.

Recovery After Facelift Procedure

Immediately after the facelift surgery, the patient should be checked into the hospital or have someone to drive them home. It is important that all facelift patients have someone to take care of him or her for the first four days.

During the first week after facelift, there will be bruising and swelling, but can be controlled with oral medication. The bandages are taken off after a day or two. Sutures may be removed gradually to minimize possible scarring.

Facelift healing may take time. Makeup can be used after two weeks following the surgery. Direct sun should be avoided for at least two months. The complete recovery will take ten to twelve weeks.

The Results

Although the facelift surgery will not stop the aging process, it can produce rejuvenating effects. The duration of this surgery will depend on the patient’s age, lifestyle choices, skin type, bone structure, sun exposure and heredity.

Generally, patients in their early thirties enjoy longer results, while patients in their forties may last ten years. Patients in their sixties have shorter results, but can still be visible for five to seven years.

Surgical facility And Cost

The facelift surgery is usually done in an office surgical facility or hospital in an inpatient or outpatient basis.

The costs of facelift procedure will depend on three fees – surgeon’s fee (ranges from $6,000 – $15,000), anesthesia fee ($1000 to $1,300) and facility fee ($500 – $2,000).

Side Effects, Risks, Complications and Contradictions

The most common risks and side effects associated with facelift surgical procedure include allergic reactions to anesthesia and medication, swelling, scarring, hematoma and facial nerve damage.

Although complications from facelift are rare, but it still causes slow recovery, discomfort, abnormal scarring and permanent deformities. Blistering and skin death are the major complications, which are usually experienced by patients who smoke.

Unfortunately, the surgical scars are permanent. The incision, however, placed in a discreet area, wherein it can only be noticeable.

Candidate for Botox Cosmetics


Also Known As: Botulinum Toxin A

BOTOX® Definition

Botox® is the trade name of Botulinum Toxin “type A”. Cosmetic surgeons inject a low dose of this protein, which is derived from botulism toxin, into the skin to minimize wrinkles and lines on the face. When used as much as necessary, it relaxes facial muscles, which results in a smooth facial appearance.

History of BOTOX®

In the late 1960s, Botulinum toxins were researched in treating neurological disorders. In 1989, it was approved by the FDA to treat various eye muscle disorders such as misalignment of eyes, strabismus, uncontrollable blinking, tics or blephorspasm. In 2000, it was approved to treat a disorder that causes shoulder and neck contractions, known as cervical dystonia.

From treating eye disorders with Botulinum toxins, surgeons observed that it softened frown lines between the eyebrows. Due to this unexpected side effect, Botox® was given its FDA Approval in 2002 for reducing the severity of frown lines for approximately 120 days.

Benefits of BOTOX®

According to statistics, almost 90% of men and women aging 18 to 65, who have moderate to severe frown lines, have had significant positive effects during their first month after Botox® treatment.

Botox® procedures can also treat forehead creases, thick neckbands and crow’s feet near the eyes. It is also used to treat excessive sweating of under arms and palms.

Compared to other surgical and non-surgical cosmetic procedures, Botox® procedures is the safest, painless and most affordable.

Candidate for Botox Cosmetics

Although Botox® has been used to treat adults of all ages, surgeons considers a criteria for determining whether this procedure is appropriate for a certain patient. Remember to check with your surgeon if you fit the following criteria.

Botox® Cosmetics are recommended for patients:

  • With facial and neck wrinkles
  • With excessive underarm and palm sweating
  • With good physical and mental health
  • With a motivation for appearance improvement
  • With Realistic expectations
  • Without alcohol problems
  • Without drug abuse and anabolic steroids usage
  • Without smoking habits

The BOTOX® Procedure

The entire Botox® procedure takes only minutes. Small doses of Botox® are injected into the affected muscle area. The toxins bind to the nerve endings and blocks acetylcholine release, causing a hindrance to muscle contraction.

Once injected, Botox® paralyzes the injected muscle area, while leaving the surrounding muscles untouched.

When the muscle relaxes, it creates a smooth surface that can last for three to six months.

Side Effects of BOTOX®

Although it occurs rarely, a patient can have allergic reactions to Botox®. It can also cause temporary discomforts such as bruising, headaches, hematoma, ectropion or eyelid ptosis.

Botox® injection can cause your face to have a surprised look or a permanent frown. However, these inconveniences are temporary and usually vanish within 24 hours.

Recovery After BOTOX® Procedure

Immediately after the procedure, the doctor may advise you to hold an icepack to the treated area for several minutes. This cold treatment helps in keeping the Botox® within the injected area as well as reducing the discomfort and bruising from the injection.

With BOTOX® rejuvenation procedures, the swelling goes down within a day or two. Generally, there is no recovery period. Although the needle prick can be visible, it usually disappears within 24 hours. You may directly go back to your normal, daily activities.

The Results

After a Botox® procedure, the results will be visible in 3 to 7 days. Although the results are not permanent, it normally lasts for three to six months.

As the Botulinum toxins wears off, the wrinkles will slowly return. However, it will not be worse than before you were treated.

Repeated Botox® injections, with an interval of eight to twelve months, can result in longer lasting effects.

Surgical Facility

Generally, the Botox® procedure can be done in the doctor’s office or at a hospital’s operating room. This may vary depending on your budget and preferences.


The average price for Botox® procedures is approximately $200 to $700 per area, excluding hospital stay and operating room facilities. The prices may vary depending on the region, surgeon and other fees. Ask your surgeon for a personalized estimate price of the procedure.

Risks, Complications and Contradictions

Patients who are taking antibiotics are at risk for adverse reactions. However, this can be prevented if you have consulted your doctor prior to the Botox® injection.

The effects of Botox® Cosmetic may be increased with the use of drugs that can interfere with neuromuscular transmission. Make sure to disclose any medications you are currently taking before the procedure.

Pregnant women are advised to delay the Botox® injections until the baby is born due to possible crossing of the placenta. In addition, women who are still breastfeeding should perform the procedure only when their newborn is no longer dependent upon them for nutrition.

Restore your youthful, glowing skin without undergoing invasive surgery through Botox filler injections. Consult with our experts now to know whether you’re a good candidate for Botulinum toxin or (Botox) Botox injections.

Contact with the material less Flawless Makeup

Again use the makeup that you think bit with different methods of economic way, you can create the desired effect on the make-up …

Make Up;  where attention is to see you out and apply art. This definition applies in many areas of your home on your clothes, this is not just decoration for your face.

Your hair is the most important accessory for your skin and your skin color harmony should be. Open your young age your skin color dark hair, but you can use your scroll bar of your age, your hair color is compatible with your skin begin to occur away from the fatigue of your attention on your face lets you younger age lines detected.

Use recycled products

– Do not forget recycled can be used in many cosmetics. For example, you can continue to use the lash mascara if you have finished separator instead of throw it in the trash. Or scan your eyebrows. Also do not need to paint the eyebrows and light colors in the brush.

– Eye make-up, put cucumber slices on your eyes if you waited 15 minutes before applying around the eyes swelling goes down. So you do not have to use tons of concealer to cover the swelling.

– If you hover over some ice to get the redness of acne your makeup off before you use foundation provides closure would be exhausted quickly and easier to use a little of both.

– If you received a small clean a box of lipstick you use it instead of throwing trash immediately if broken or if it begins to soften. You can continue to practice within that box with the help of a lipstick brush.

– To have slanting eyes makeup can accomplish a single product. Apply liquid eyeliner on the upper lash for it. Thickening of the outer corner of the eye to correct fine lines, starting from the inner corner of your checks.

– Do lips fuller lips to indicate the center of the lower lip instead of lipstick can take lightly lights in gold or silver tones.

– Dramatic black pencil to pull the end of the lower lashes to show fuller.

– You need to use special products to remove makeup remover makeup products flowing water. If you do not like that you can try the olive oil cleaner.

More fled during -Makyaj green to red Ripening can compensate with lilac color.

Foundation crawl under the ice

If you hover over some ice to get the redness from acne your makeup off before you use foundation provides both easier to use a closure would have quickly exhausted both less.